Commentary on the 'SZ settings' in the Contact/Cyclic/Polar Vector, that serve as teaching examples that suggest, the existance of a major divide in human development, as the ones mostly obviously connected to cyclic mood and attactment inclincations, preferences, and ultimately to disorders of these personality aspects. Notable are those, to be found in the "diagonally split" ones. [d+][m-] and [d-][m+]
1] [d+][m-] The 'hungry bear-like, raw, sometimes ruthless and patriarchal inclinations [d+][m-], much the same as the anal-sadistic impluses described by Freud.
2] [d-][m+]The "primate-like, softer, 'loyal domestic, social, matriarchal inclinations [-d][m+] much the same as primary object adherence or 'incestous attachment' spoken of by psychoanalysts.
3] The more common and flexible, mixed adjusted stivings of mankind's higher social and personal relationship and attachment styles. In the Szondi Test as other SZ settings reflecting that these core impulses as existing in modified forms, variously described as adjusted, compromised, yoked or conflicted.
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as a 'primitive core' Concept
The [d] and [m] articulation, and as filered out in the Szondi Test called a ‘setting’ when displayed in the column in the SZ ‘profile’ grid Dr. Szondi designed.
For logic and thinking purposes, one should keep in mind these are sujective projections,
unconsciously made by subjects, that are 'assumed to reflect'-- that persons personality, at the time the test was administered, with after the fact, sufficient accuracy as to support a claim of for the interpretation offered to then, stand as valid. Because of this difficulty caused by everyday life adjustments a person makes, acuracy of inerpretation needs to be supported by both serial testing and references to careful clinical observations needs to fill out what are dynamic findings beore any diagnostic labels, unsupported by proper criteria are offered. Nevertheless, it is 'blind interpretations' that are later confirmed by other clnical diagnostics, that keeps alive, a continuing interest in the Szondi Test and Leopold's Szondi's theories.
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Diagonal Settings Viewed as 'raw or primitive cores.'
Affinity [d+] with [m-] and it's other diagonal setting in the SZ grid, [d-] m+] (to be taken up next.) are useful from a teaching standpoint in this Contact/Cyclic SZ Vector and as well as repsenting a type of extreme when seen it occures in the other three SZ Vectors. Each Vector can have only two diagonal 'splits' as observed in the SZ grid, and in our interpretive thinking,(I suggest the raw core concept-not Szondi himself) represents the furtherest apart that the opposing paired strivings in SZ factor can take actually serve to reinforce each others bio-hereditary strivings e to the SZ Vector in which it occurs. Not just the Contact/Cyclic/Polar Vector, all four of the SZ Vectors. The Contact/Cyclic/Polar being build from the interaction of depressive and manic strivings, traits, needs therefore stands out with obvious relationship to mood and attachment elements.
In this, “sprung apart mode” in should not be surprising that the dynamics represented are also polar in some aspects, both in terms of gene lines and lines of development.
The affinities, [d+] [m-] as well as [d-][m-] have been expanded on separately (and thus partly out of the context that you will actually find them.) Metaphorically the differece betweeo SZ settings [d+][m-] and [d-][m-] is something bears and domesticated loyal dogs.
The persient [d+][m-] may well include in his/her (while mostly male setting, a minority of women with same inclinations exists, and one should not get caught off guard on that point.) From a suggested trait list one can look for, but not expect any one person to show every trait. Traits such as contol desires, selfishneness, depression, disatisfaction with lefe as and achivents id common, often feels disconnected,as results seem, pessimistic, joyless, and sometimes, if other SZ factors do not compensate, clinical bipolar may be the best fit term.
Fortinuatly there exists in in the general populatio softer more adjuested forms of that this SZ affinty represents. But in selected population of violent criminals it would have a higher frequency. Among populations entering some form or treatmen based on psychotherapy, anger manament, domestic abuse, truancy, it may be expect it more frequently found and especially with those already, DSM-IV criteria diagnosed Bipolar.
and clients with relationship difficulties.
Nevertheless a protion of everyday people carry these same strivings in acceptable ways without becoming a concern for society or the law.
While haveing a ;;sprung apart Vector factors in a profile is not a predictor of symptmatic behaviours, it does nevertheless reflect a lack of restraint or over intensity in that person's ability to use smoothly those dynamic strivings to deal with both the inner thought processes connected to these strivings as well as the carrying out the related real world appropriate behaviours.
In many cases the affinity [d+][m-] to be described as a more as a personality characteristic, one potentially unpleasant and dfficult to claim on the basis of the Szondi Test alone.
Among the psychoanayis it was Freud, himself who indentfied this aspect of personality as being a fixation or continuation of some residue of anal-sadistic infant devlopment. A “core” overlaid by education and social pressures, but still may assert its influence at some issues and circumstances.
The affinity [d+][m-] setting interpretation often go in the directon that, the person has little or no satisfying attachment to specific love objects rather, the person who yields this setting, may be compulsivly seek, even appear as addicted to pursuing many objects, and may feel trapped or jailed when he/she cannot act to pursue what they feel to be a need for them.
. Psychoanalysts, since Freud have suggested this 'anal' traits are traceable to the infant's reaction from forced relinquishment of attachment to the most important "primary" object (the parent acting ones). According to Susan Deri, these subjects, as adults it is not the specificity of the objects is not nearly so important as the quantity.
This setting, [d+][m-] if frequent, also indicates a desire or practice to seek love objects to control them and frequently verbal or physical aggression.
Individuals giving this SZ setting [d+][m-] are oten those anxious to manipulate and master the material objects in their environment and are often, builders of things, collectors of things, some sportsmen and some the enjoyment of breaking records of other persons achievements.
In most cases it also followes as obvious that the [m-] component indicates that there is no lasting pleasure derived from all this activity it can indicates a generally realistic attitude toward the world and if the rest of personality
If no major symptoms exist most will meet the usually standards of normal.
According to Susan Deri this SZ setting is found in mostly in the lower occupational levels, frequently by unskilled laborers who work hard and without enjoyment, with little opportunity or ability to derive pleasure from things in general except on the most concrete level. Among individuals belonging to higher occupational or professional groups, the pattern is more an indication of depressed mood, and generally, of a tendency actively to accumulate and master objects. When this pattern is associated with [s+} and/or [e-] these individuals can be ruthless in pursuit of their goals.
at some point in their early development modes, but a significant number of indviduale develop a bias towards those forms of attachments, based or the anal-sadistic in type of attachment, that is the same as the SZ setting [d+][m-] which has the potential for that indivedual to under, stress, trauma, alcohol or drugs to show in behavou and thinking those strivings matching DSM IV described Bipolar.
[d+][m-] the, other outcome from passing through the same early developmental phase appears to be on a some what opposit track by an affinity to a more softer and loyal bonding, much as described by Freud, as being modeled on te Oedipus complex, charaericed by loyalty, conservative preferences and optomsim, that somehow the desire for restored bliss will be found, the extreems (leaving room for lesser forms) of this line of developmenrt were for this individuals where the potential for neurosis. These were always compensations, sublimations, educated adjustments that obcured what underlieling dynamics at there core really were. Even in the Szondi Test findings these "core" elements and there contribution to a persons personality dynamics may be hidden from both, the subject himself and his therapist. Some psychoanalyists might see [d+][m-] subjects as one's forcible weaned in infancy and forever angry about it.
The long term evidence is that we as humans by various means out a balance or compromise for these two core threads, that varies somewhat with what passage and pressures they go through in the trajectory of life phases. Later when all the SZ Vectors have been explored, it will be useful to explore the variouis outcome that a person may end in as his final outcome or fate in life. Called the forms of existance.
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